Wednesday, February 08, 2006

Amoral and anethic, under certain circunstances.


Yesterday I read in the NewYorkTimes online, an interesting article related to moral. In the meantime its authors quantified for the first time these attitudes and analyze the causal of moral and ethic infringements. So it has seemed to me interesting to summarize the conclusions and recommend this article. Michael Osofsky of the University of Stanford has interviewed to this effect to 246 persons (guards, counselors and others), members of the executors teams (syringes men with deadly substances), of criminals condemned to the death penalty. The conclusions more important are:

1) In these cases the executors guards group, changes temporarily their moral code, rationalizing that the religious law protects them, that they are not murderers because the responsibility of the administration of the deadly substance is shared among several persons, that the criminals are irretrievable, that they are expensive for the state and signify a constant public danger. The guards that do not participate of the executions (counselors or others), are at the start critic of the executions, but as the time passed and they continue participating they finish relaxing their morale and becoming anethics in the decisive moments. At home, on the contrary, they continue being loving parents.

2) The authors suggest that the conclusions are applicable to soldiers in times of war, to politics in certain circumstances, to the main executives, etc.

Cuando la moral y la ética se relajan.

Ayer lei en el NewYorkTimes http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/07/health/psychology/07exec.html?_r=1&oref=slogin, un interesante articulo relacionado con la moral. En tanto sus autores cuantifican por primera vez estas actitudes y analizan las causales de las transgresiones morales y eticas, me ha parecido interesante resumir las conclusiones y recomendarlo. Michael Osofsky de la Universidad de Stanford http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/2001/may9/osofsky-59.html ha entrevistado a este efecto a 246 personas (guardias, consejeros y otros), integrantes de los teams ejecutores (guardias armados de jeringas con sustancias letales), de criminales condenados a la pena de muerte. Las conclusiones más importantes son:

1) El grupo de guardias ejecutores en estos casos, cambia su código moral, racionaliza que la ley religiosa lo ampara, no se consideran asesinos, en tanto la responsabilidad de la administración de la sustancia letal es compartida entre varios, que los criminales son irrecuperables, son caros para el estado y significan un peligro público constante. Los guardias que no participan de las ejecuciones (consejeros u otros), al inicio son criticos de las ejecuciones, mas en tanto continuan participando acaban flexibilizando su moral y se vuelven anéticos en los momentos decisivos. En casa, por el contrario, continuan siendo padres amorosos.

2) Los autores sugieren que las conclusiones son aplicables a soldados en tiempos de guerra, a politicos en ciertas circunstancias, a los grandes ejecutivos, etc.